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This page is still under construction.


As you can see on the picture to the left, or maybe you have seen the reproduction hanging by our front door in the shop, that the original document was difficult to read. This is why the wording above was carefully hand coded to resemble old fashion typesetting, but also to make our most important document readable too.

The next thing to go up on this page is an interactive image map of the signers.

We also will post some history here you probably have never heard about of that historical time period in July, 1776.


Thanks for visiting, and please return soon.

WHEN, in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bonds which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

WE hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness, — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

 – He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary
  for the public good!

 – He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing
  importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should
  be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend
  to them.

 – He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large
  districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right
  of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them
  and formidable to tyrants only.

 – He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable,
  and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole
  purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

 – He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with
  manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

 – He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to
  be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation,
  have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining
  in the meantime exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without,
  and convulsions within.

 – He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that
  purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to
  pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions
  of new Appropriations of Lands.

 – He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to
  Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

 – He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their
  offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

 – He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of
  Officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance.

 – He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the
  Consent of our legislature.

 – He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior
  to Civil power.

 – He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our
  constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their
  Acts of pretended Legislation:

 – For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

 – For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders
  which they should commit on the inhabitants of these States:

 – For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

 – For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

 – For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by jury:

 – For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offenses:

 – For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighboring Province,
  establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries
  so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the
  same absolute rule in these Colonies:

 – For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws,
  and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

 – For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested
  with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

 – He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection
  and waging War against us.

 – He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns,
  and destroyed the lives of our people.

 – He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to
  complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with
  circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most
  barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

 – He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to
  bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their
  friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

 – He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to
  bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages,
  whose known rule of warfare, is undistinguished destruction of all ages,
  sexes and conditions.

IN every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

NOR have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren, We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

WE, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by the Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

— Declaration of Independence —
as adopted in the Second Continental Congress,
July 4, 1776

Printing Wedding Invitations Web Design Vinyl & Signs
$ History is Fun

“Spirit of ‘76”

First Day of Issue: 01/01/1976

Pasadena, CA

In celebration of the Bicentennial,

the Post Office issued many stamps

for the occasion. Some were

connected to form a single scene

as the one pictured above.

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